World Championships

The world championship of ice hockey is the most prestigious annual national hockey tournament in the world. The winter Olympics is more prestigious but they are only played every for years. The World championships has been played since 1920. The 1920 world championships where held as a part of the 1920 summer Olympics. The Olympics would continue to count as the world championship the years it was held until 1968 when an independent world champion started to be held even during Olympic years. The Ice Hockey World Championships are organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). The world championships are played usig a division system and only the A or first division tournament is considered the world championship. Which nations that play in the first division varies as teams are moved up and down depending on their achievements. Some nations have always played in the first division (even if the could theoretically be moved down if they had a bad year). These teams are Canada, Czech Republic , Finland, Russia and Sweden. The United states are also more or less a fixture in the first divisions but have not always played there and was moved up in 1985.

Each world championship contain 16 teams. The 16 teams are divided into two groups of 8 teams which plays each other in a preliminary round. The top 4 teams from each groups moves on to the playoffs. The playoff sees the loosing team eliminated from the tournament and the winning team moving on to the next round. The loosing teams in the Semi finals meet each other to play for the bronze.

During the early days of the world championships Canada was the dominant team, much like they are now in womens hockey. This was to last until the mid to late 50s when Canada and the Soviet Union started to fiercely compete for the medals. The soviet Union would then dominate the competitions for the 60s and 70s much like Canada had before. Since the 80s the competition has been more and more unpredictable as the top teams are more evenly matched.

Below you can see a table over winning teams and the total number of medals of each nation.

Year

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Host city (cities)

Host country

1920

Canada

United States

Czechoslovakia

Antwerp

Belgium

1924

Canada

United States

Great Britain

Chamonix

France

1928

Canada

Sweden

Switzerland

St. Moritz

Switzerland

1930

Canada

Germany

Switzerland

Chamonix
Berlin
Vienna

France
Germany
Austria

1931

Canada

United States

Austria

Krynica

Poland

1932

Canada

United States

Germany

Lake Placid

United States

1933

United States

Canada

Czechoslovakia

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1934

Canada

United States

Germany

Milan

Italy

1935

Canada

Switzerland

Great Britain

Davos

Switzerland

1936

Great Britain

Canada

United States

Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Germany

1937

Canada

Great Britain

Switzerland

London

Great Britain

1938

Canada

Great Britain

Czechoslovakia

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1939

Canada

United States

Switzerland

Zürich and Basel

Switzerland

1947

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Austria

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1948

Canada

Czechoslovakia

Switzerland

St. Moritz

Switzerland

1949

Czechoslovakia

Canada

United States

Stockholm

Sweden

1950

Canada

United States

Switzerland

London

Great Britain

1951

Canada

Sweden

Switzerland

Paris

France

1952

Canada

United States

Sweden

Oslo and Drammen

Norway

1953

Sweden

West Germany

Switzerland

Zürich and Basel

Switzerland

1954

Soviet Union

Canada

Sweden

Stockholm

Sweden

1955

Canada

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Krefeld, Dortmund and Cologne

West Germany

1956

Soviet Union

United States

Canada

Cortina

Italy

1957

Sweden

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Moscow

Soviet Union

1958

Canada

Soviet Union

Sweden

Oslo

Norway

1959

Canada

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Prague and Bratislava

Czechoslovakia

1960

United States

Canada

Soviet Union

Squaw Valley

United States

1961

Canada

Czechoslovakia

Soviet Union

Geneva and Lausanne

Switzerland

1962

Sweden

Canada

United States

Colorado Springs and Denver

United States

1963

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Stockholm

Sweden

1964

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Innsbruck

Austria

1965

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Tampere

Finland

1966

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Ljubljana

Yugoslavia

1967

Soviet Union

Sweden

Canada

Vienna

Austria

1968

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Grenoble

France

1969

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Stockholm

Sweden

1970

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Stockholm

Sweden

1971

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Bern and Geneva

Switzerland

1972

Czechoslovakia

Soviet Union

Sweden

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1973

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Moscow

Soviet Union

1974

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Helsinki

Finland

1975

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Munich and Düsseldorf

West Germany

1976

Czechoslovakia

Soviet Union

Sweden

Katowice

Poland

1977

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Soviet Union

Vienna

Austria

1978

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1979

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Sweden

Moscow

Soviet Union

1981

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Gothenburg and Stockholm

Sweden

1982

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Helsinki and Tampere

Finland

1983

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Munich

West Germany

1985

Czechoslovakia

Canada

Soviet Union

Prague

Czechoslovakia

1986

Soviet Union

Sweden

Canada

Moscow

Soviet Union

1987

Sweden

Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia

Vienna

Austria

1989

Soviet Union

Canada

Czechoslovakia

Stockholm and Södertälje

Sweden

1990

Soviet Union

Sweden

Czechoslovakia

Bern and Fribourg

Switzerland

1991

Sweden

Canada

Soviet Union

Turku, Helsinki and Tampere

Finland

1992

Sweden

Finland

Czechoslovakia

Prague and Bratislava

Czechoslovakia

1993

Russia/Soviet Union

Sweden

Czech Republic

Dortmund and Munich

Germany

1994

Canada

Finland

Sweden

Bolzano, Canazei and Milano

Italy

1995

Finland

Sweden

Canada

Stockholm and Gävle

Sweden

1996

Czech Republic

Canada

United States

Vienna

Austria

1997

Canada

Sweden

Czech Republic

Helsinki, Turku and Tampere

Finland

1998

Sweden

Finland

Czech Republic

Zürich and Basel

Switzerland

1999

Czech Republic

Finland

Sweden

Oslo, Lillehammer and Hamar

Norway

2000

Czech Republic

Slovakia

Finland

St. Petersburg

Russia

2001

Czech Republic

Finland

Sweden

Cologne, Hanover and Nuremberg

Germany

2002

Slovakia

Russia

Sweden

Gothenburg, Karlstad and Jönköping

Sweden

2003

Canada

Sweden

Slovakia

Helsinki, Tampere and Turku

Finland

2004

Canada

Sweden

United States

Prague and Ostrava

Czech Republic

2005

Czech Republic

Canada

Russia

Innsbruck and Vienna

Austria

2006

Sweden

Czech Republic

Finland

Riga

Latvia

2007

Canada

Finland

Russia

Moscow and Mytishchi

Russia

2008

Russia/Soviet Union

Canada

Finland

Halifax and Quebec City

Canada

2009

Russia/Soviet Union

Canada

Sweden

Kloten and Bern

Switzerland

2010

Czech Republic

Russia

Sweden

Cologne, Mannheim, and Gelsenkirchen

Germany

2011

Finland

Sweden

Czech Republic

Bratislava and Košice

Slovakia

Total number of medals for different nations.

Country

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Medals

Russia
Soviet Union'
Total:

3
22
25

2
7
9

2
5
7

7
34
41

Canada

24

13

9

46

Czech Republic
Czechoslovakia
Total:

6
6
12

1
12
13

4
16
20

11
34
45

Sweden

8

19

16

43

United States

2

9

5

16

Finland

2

6

3

11

Great Britain

1

2

2

5

Slovakia

1

1

1

3

Germany
West Germany
Total:

0
0
0

1
1
2

2
0
2

3
1
4

Switzerland

0

1

8

9

Austria

0

0

2

2